Welcome to our list of things that are Canadian!
In our list we’ve included animals, buildings, food, drink, sports and celebrities – as many categories of things we could think of as possible! We hope we’ve covered what you’re after in our list of things that are Canadian.
Here’s a visual list of things that are Canadian:
- Poutine: A meal of french fries and cheese served with gravy.
- Bannock: A type of flat bread.
- Butter Tart: A small Canadian pastry made of sugar, butter, syrup and egg.
- Montreal Style Bagels: A bagel that is handmade and wood-fired.
- Saskatoon Berry Pie: A pie with a saskatoon berry filling. Commonly served with vanilla ice cream.
- Beavertails: A snack made of fried dough. Also known as pizza fritte, scones, elephant ears, fried bread and fry dough.
- Split Pea Soup: A soup made from dried peas.
- Maple Taffy: Also known as maple toffee, sugar on snow, leather aprons and candy on the snow. A candy made by boiling maple sap past the point where it would become maple syrup, but not up until it would become butter or sugar.
- Ketchup Chips: Potato chips that have a tomato sauce flavouring.
- Nanaimo Bars: A no-bake dessert bar made of a wafer, nuts, coconut, custard icing and chocolate ganache.
- Pouding Chomeur: Also known as poor man’s pudding. A sweet treat made during the Great Depression by women factory workers. Made from cake batter and caramel or hot syrup.
- Pierogi: Dumplings that can be either sweet or savoury. Commonly filled with potato, sauerkraut, mushrooms or fruits.
- Maple Syrup: Syrup made from the sap of maple trees.
- Boiled Fiddleheads: Fiddleheads are the fronds of a young fern and can be eaten as a vegetable.
- Bakeapple Pie: Pies made with cloudberries.
- Dulse Crisps: Chips made from dried dulse seaweed.
- Candy Apple: Also known as toffee apples. Made by covering an apple with a sugar candy coating.
- Cinnamon Bun: Also known as cinnamon swirl, cinnamon Danish or cinnamon snail. A bun made of dough rolled with cinnamon, sugar and sometimes raisins.
- Date Square: A dessert bar made of oatmeal and dates.
- Figgy Duff: Also known as a raisin duff. A bag pudding made with raisins, breadcrumbs, brown sugar, flour, spices and molasses.
- Flapper Pie: A custard vanilla pie with meringue and sometimes whipped cream. Also known as wafer pie.
- Thunder Bay Persians: Also known as a Persian roll or a Pershing. A fried pastry or sweet roll. Can be covered with sugar, glaze or cinammon sugar.
- Sugar Pie: Dough topped with brown sugar or beet sugar and then baked.
- Bridge Mix: Also known as Grand Slam mix. A mix of fruits, nuts and chocolate.
- Coffee Crisp: A Canadian chocolate bar with layers of coffee candy and vanilla wafer.
- Caramilk: A chocolate bar filled with caramel.
- Big Turk: A chocolate bar filled with dark Turkish delight.
- Cherry Blossom: A chocolate filled with maraschino cherry, cherry syrup, coconut and peanut.
- Glosette: Chocolate-covered raisins.
- Red River Cereal: A porridge made with wheat, rye and flaxseeds.
- Shreddies: A Canadian breakfast cereal made of shredded wheat.
- Nabob Coffee: A brand of Canadian coffee.
- Tim Hortons: A fast food chain that serves doughnuts, fast food and coffee. Canada’s largest fast food chain.
- Canada Dry: A brand of soft drinks mostly known for its ginger ale.
- Honey Dill Sauce: A sauce made from dill, mayonnaise and honey. Often used for sweet potato fries.
- London Fog: A hot beverage made from Earl Grey tea, vanilla syrup and milk.
- Spruce Beer: A drink that is spruce-flavoured and can be alcoholic or not.
- Cream Ale: A dry light beer with a higher alcohol content than average beer.
- Ice Cider: Also known as apple icewine. A fermented drink made from frozen apples.
- Giant Jos Louis Cake: A Canadian sweet made of a cream filling sandwiched with two chocolate cakes and covered with chocolate.
- Blueberry Grunt: A dessert that is similar to cobber but is steamed rather than baked. Consists of stewed fruit covered in biscuits and cooked in a cast iron skillet.
- Newfoundland Snowballs: Soft chocolate fudge balls that are rolled in coconut and oatmeal.
- Wood Bison: Also known as a mountain bison. A type of mammal with a shoulder hump, horns and a curly woollen coat.
- Moose: Also called elk. Large mammals in the deer family known for their large antlers that are shaped like upturned hands.
- Gray Wolf: A canine related to dogs, coyotes and jackals. They have a dark grey coat and tend to live in colder areas.
- Red Fox: The largest fox subspecies. A fox with a red coat that mostly feeds on small rodents.
- Beaver: Large rodents that are semiaquatic. Known for their large, flat tails and for building dams.
- Lynx: A medium-sized wildcat with a short tail, fluffy caot and reflective eyes.
- Bobcat: A medium-sized cat that is native to Canada, North America and Mexixo. They have a spotted coat and has been hunted for their fur.
- Cougar: A large cat that is also known as a panther, mountain lion, puma and catamount.
- Black Bear: An omnivorous bear species that usually lives in forests.
- Grizzly Bear: Large brown bears that can weigh from 130-360 kilos.
- Polar Bear: Large white bears that live in the Arctic.
- Caribou: Also known as reindeer. A type of deer with large, branched antlers and a thick pelt.
- Arctic Fox: Also known as the white fox, snow fox and polar fox. A small white fox that lives in Arctic regions.
- Beluga Whale: Also known as the sea canary, white whale and melonhead. A cetacean that lives in the Arctic and is consistently found in a pale grey-white colour.
- Harp Seal: Also known as the saddleback seal or Greenland seal. A type of seal without ears (aka a true seal) that lies in the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.
- Muskox: A hoofed mammal with a thick, shaggy coat and horns.
- Common Loon: Also known as the great northern diver. A family of birds that look like ducks, but with different patterns and colouring.
- Canada Goose: A large wild goose with a grey body and black head and neck.
- Puffin: Small seabirds with an orange beak and feet. Their colouring is otherwise similar to a penguins’.
- Bald Eagle: A bird of prey with a white head, yellow beak and brownish-grey body. A symbol of freedom in America.
- Great Blue Heron: A large wading bird that lives in wetlands.
- Harbour Seal: Also known as the common seal. A true seal that lives in marine coastlines and are brown and silvery-white in colour.
- Collared Pika: A small, asocial mammal that doesn’t hibernate.
- Wolverine: Also known as the glutton, carcajou and the quickhatch. A carnivore known for its ferocity and strength.
- Ermine: Also known as a stoat or short-tailed weasel. A small mammal with a white belly and otherwise brown body.
- Pine Marten: Also known as the baum marten or sweet marten. A small animal that looks similar to a weasel.
- Prairie Dog: Herbivorous rodents that live in grasslands. A type of ground squirrel with brown fur.
- Monarch Butterfly: A butterfly also known as the common tiger, wanderer, milkweed and black veined brown. A butterfly with bright yellow-orange wings and black veining.
- Bighorn Sheep: A type of sheep with large, curled horns that can grow so large they can weigh up to 14kg.
- Grey Jay: Also known as the Canada jay, camp robber or whisky jack. A songbird that lives in forests and has pale grey underparts and darker grey wings.
- Walrus: A large marine mammal with long tusks.
- Bison: Large mammals with horns, a back hump and coarse brown fur.
- Sugar Maple: A flowering plant related to lychee and soapberry. Native to eastern Canada and grows in hardwood forests.
- Paper Birch: Also known as white birch and canoe birch. A type of birch tree that grows in North America and is comparatively short-lived. It has thin white bark that peels off the trunk in layers.
- White Pine: A pine tree that grows fluffy looking tufts of green needles.
- Douglas Fir: An evergreen conifer tree that is also known as the Douglas spruce, Comlunbian pine and the Oregon pine. It isn’t actually a true fir, spruce or pine.
- Coneflower: A flower that has downturned petals.
- Marsh Marigold: Also known as kingcup. A smallish plant that grows bright yellow flowers and is part of the buttercup family.
- Yarrow: Also known as common yarrow. A plant that grows clusters of small white flowers and grows in the Northern Hemisphere. Considered a common weed.
- Primrose: A flower that is commonly pressed for oil that is used for medicine and cosmetics.
- Ice Hockey: A contact winter team sport that is played in a rink on ice skates. Involves each team trying to score the most goals by getting the puck into a goal.
- Lacrosse: A team sport played with a lacrosse stick and ball. It has origins in Aboriginal Canada.
- Soccer: One of the most popular sports in the world. Also known as football. A team sport where you use footwork to try and score more goals than the other team.
- Gridiron Football: Also known as North American football or just football. A team sport played in the US and Canada.
- Basketball: A popular team sport played with an orange ball. The aim is to score more points by throwing the ball into a hoop.
- Baseball: A team sport involving a field, bat and bases.
- Curling: A sport where players slide stones across a sheet of ice toward a target.
- Rugby League: Also known as league, rugby, football or footy. A contact sport played by two teams where the aim is to kick the ball through a set of goalposts.
- Cricket: A game played with two teams on a field with a wicket on each end. Involves trying to hit a ball out of the grasp of the other team so you can run between wickets and score more points.
- Boxing: A combat sport played with two people who are usually wearing protective equipment. The focus is on punching and striking with no kicking.
- Niagara Falls: Three waterfalls on the southern end of the Niagara Gorge.
- Banff National Park: The oldest national park in Canada (est. 1885). Found in the Rocky Mountains near Calgary.
- Rocky Mountains: Also known as the Rockies. A major mountain range in North America.
- Lake Louise: A glacial lake in Banff National Park. Named after Princess Louise.
- Icefields Parkway: A scenic road that stretches 230km across the Canadian Rockies.
- Toronto’s CN Tower: A communications and observation tower made of concrete. In the downtown core of Toronto.
- Old Quebec: A historic neighbourhood in Quebec.
- Whistler: A resort town in the sourthern Pacific Ranges of Canada.
- Ottowa’s Parliament Hill: A building that houses the Canadian National War Memorial.
- Peace Tower: Also called the Tower of Victory and Peace. A clock and bell tower in the Centre Block of the Canadian parliament buildings in Ontario.
- Cabot Tower: A tower on Signal Hill, in Newfoundland and Labrador. Built to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the discovery of Newfoundland.
- Old Montreal: A historic neighbourhood in Montreal, Quebec.
- Vancouver Island: An island in the northeastern part of the Pacific Ocean. The largest and most populated island in the west coast of the Americas.
- Bay of Fundy: A bay in between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Has the highest tidal range in the world.
- Cape Scott Provincial Park: A park that stretches from Shushartie around Cape Scott towards San Josef Bay.
- Qualicum Beach: A town in Vancouver Island. The natural environment makes it a popular tourist destination.
- Parksville: A city in Vancouver Island. Known for large sandy beaches and its annual sandcastle building competition.
- St. John’s: The largest city and capital of Newfoundland and Labrador. Also the oldest city in Canada.
- Tofino: A town in Vancouver Island. A popular tourist destination for surfers, bird watchers, campers and hikers.
- Butchart Gardens: A collection of floral gardens in British Columbia, Canada. A National Historic Site of Canada that receives more than a million visits annually.
- Okanagan Valley: Also known as the Okanagan Country. A region in British Columbia known for lakeshore communities and dry landscapes.
- Gros Morne National Park: A world heritage site and Canadian national park in Newfoundland.
- The Yukon: Previously known as Yukon Terriroty. The smallest of Canada’s three territories.
- Pyramid Lake: A lake in Jasper National Park that is shaped like a kidney.
- Moraine Lake: A glacial lake in Banff National Park. Found in the Valley of the Ten Peaks.
- Perce Rock: An enormous and sheer rock formation in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
- Mount Logan: The tallest mountain in Canada and the second-tallest peak in all of North America.
- The Grotto: Officially called the National Sanctuary of our Sorrowful Mother. A Catholic outdoor shrine in Portland.
- Montmorency Falls: A large waterfall in Quebec.
- Prince Edward Island: The smallest of Canada’s thirteen territories and provinces.
- Mont-Tremblant: A city in the Laurentian Mountains. Famous for its ski resort and race track.
- Archie (search engine): An engine that indexes FTP archives and lets users easily identify certain files.
- Film Colorization: The process of adding colour to monochromatic video.
- IMAX movie system: A system of high resolution cameras, projectors and theatres known for huge screens, stadium seating and tall aspect ratios.
- Java (programming language): An object-oriented programming language that is general purpose.
- 56k Modem: A device that converts data from digital to a transmissible medium.
- Computerised Braille: A software that translates script into braille and sends it to a braille embosser.
- Gramophone: Also known as a phonograph or record player. A machine that records and reproduces sound.
- Pager: Also known as a pocket bell or beeper. A wireless communication device that sends and receives messages.
- Quartz Clock: A timepiece that uses quartz crystals to regulate an electronic oscillator. More accurate than mechanical timepieces.
- Walkie-Talkie: Also known as a handheld transceiver. A portable radio that can send and receive audio messages.
- Rotary Snowplow: A piece of equipment that removes snow by using a set of circular blades to cut through snow.
- Snow Blower: Also known as a snow thrower. A machine that blows snow away from areas.
- Steam-powered Foghorn: A device that warns vehicles away from hazards like coastlines or other boats. Similar to a lighthouse, but uses sound instead of light.
- Sonar: Short for Sound Navigation and Ranging. A process that uses sound to measure and navigate distances.
- Alkaline Battery: A battery that uses the reaction between zinc metal and manganese dioxide to produce energy.
- Ebola Vaccine: A vaccine developed to prevent Ebola.
- Insulin: A hormone used as a medication that treats high blood glucose in diabetics.
- CPR Mannequin: A mannequin used by students to help them practice the CPR process.
- Trivial Pursuit: A Canadian board game that involves trivia knowledge and pop culture questions.
- Electric Wheelchair: A wheelchair with an electric motor.
- Garbage Bag: Also known as a big bag, rubbish bag and bin liner. A plastic bag that collects waste in bins, making it easier to dispose of rubbish.
- Peanut Butter: A thick spread made from crushed peanuts and sometimes salt and sugar.
- Wonderbra: An underwire pushup bra that became popular in the 1990s.
- Pacemaker: A device that helps to regulate a patient’s heartbeat.
- Kerosene: Also known as paraffin or lamp oil. A petroleum derived liquid used as fuel.
- Odometer: Also known as an odograph. Measures the distance that a vehicle has travelled.
- Snowmobile: Also known as a motor sled, skimobile and snowmachine. A motorised vehicle for travelling quickly over snow.
- Degrassi: A Canadian teen drama show created in 1979.
- Keanu Reeves: A celebrity best known for his roles in The Matrix and John Wick.
- Shawn Mendes: A Canadian singer-songwriter who started gaining popularity in 2013.
- Shay Mitchell: A model, actress and entrepreneur who starred in the show Pretty Little Liars.
- Ryan Gosling: An actor best known for his roles in The Notebook and Crazy Stupid Love.
- Ryan Reynolds: A comedic actor known for his role as Deadpool.
- Celine Dion: A singer whose most famous song was the theme song for the movie Titanic.
- Alessia Cara: A singer-songwriter known for her song “Here”.
- Justin Bieber: A singer who was discovered on YouTube by Usher.
- Alanis Morissette: A singer-songwriter and actress with a mezzo-soprano voice.
- Michael Cera: A producer, actor, singer-songwriter and comedian. Best known for his roles in Arrested Development, Juno and Scott Pilgrim.
- Mike Myers: An actor and comedian who played Austin Powers and was the voice actor for Shrek.
- Shania Twain: A singer-songwriter who has sold over a million records and is considered the “Queen of Country Pop”.
- Sandra Oh: A Canadian-American actress best known for her role as Cristina Yang in Grey’s Anatomy.
- Rachel McAdams: An actress who played Regina George in Mean Girls and the leading actress in The Notebook.
- Seth Rogen: A writer, actor, comedian and filmmaker.
- Pamela Anderson: An actress, model and author. Best known for her roles in Home Improvement and Baywatch. Has also been featured in Playboy.
- Michael Buble: A singer-songwriter and record producer.
- Avril Lavigne: A singer-songwriter and actress. Best known for her songs “Complicated” and “Sk8ter Boi”.
- Cobie Smulders: An actress best known for her role as Robin Scherbatsky for the show How I Met Your Mother.
- Michael J. Fox: A retired actor, film producer, author and activist. Best known for his role as Marty McFly in the Back to the Future film trilogy.
- Jim Carrey: A comedian, actor, writer and producer. Known for his facial expressions and slapstick.
- Carly Rae Jepsen: A singer-songwriter and actress who competed in the fifth season of Canadian Idol.
- Elisha Cuthbert: An actress and model who played Carol-Anne in Love Actually.
- Evangeline Lily: An actress and author known for her role as Kate Austen in Lost. Has also starred in The Hobbit film series and in the Ant-Man movies.
- Hayden Christensen: A producer and actor who played Anakin Skywalker and Darth Vader in the Star Wars prequels.
- Neve Campbell: An acress who starred in the Scream franchise.
- Bryan Adams: A composer, record producer, photographer, singer and philanthropist.
- Sarah Chalke: An actress and model best known for her role as Elliot in the show Scrubs.
- Leonard Cohen: A poet, singer-songwriter and novelist who wrote about politics, depression, relationships and religion.
- Nelly Furtado: A singer who released “Promiscuous Girl”, “Maneater” and “Like a Bird”.
- Carrie-Anne Moss: An actress best known as Trinity from the Matrix series.
- Elliot Page: An actor and producer who starred in Hard Candy, Juno and Umbrella Academy.
- Wolverine (Marvel): A fictional superhero and member of the X-Men.
- Deadpool: A fictional character created by Marvel with the abilities of regeneration and superior physical ability.
- Captain Canuck: A comic book superhero who patrolled Canada.
- Scott Pilgrim: A graphic novel series by Byran Lee O’Malley that has since been made into a movie.
- Alpha Flight: A fictional team of Canadian superheroes.
- Guardian (Marvel): Also known as Weapon Alpha and Vindicator. A fictional superhero published by Marvel.
- Winnie Harlow: A Jamaican-Canadian model and spokesperson for vitiligo who gained popularity after competing in America’s Next Top Model.
- Kim Cattrall: An actress best known for playing Samantha Jones in Sex and the City.
- Emily VanCamp: An actress who starred in the series Revenge and also plays Sharon Carter/Agent 13 in the MCU films.
- Matthew Perry: The actor who played Chandler Bing for the show Friends.
- Aurora James: A creative director, fashion designer and activist.
- K. D. Lang: A singer-songwriter, actress and activist for animal rights, gay rights and human rights.
We hope this list of Canadian things was useful and that you found what you needed!
We did our best to cover all of the varied meanings of “Canadian” with our visual gallery of Canadian things and descriptive list. But if you feel there’s something we missed, please feel free to let us know and leave a comment.
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